This article originally appeared in
Italians vent rage over execution

September 15, 2000
    ROME - Pleas for mercy gave way to a frenzy of anti-American outrage as Virginia prepared
    yesterday to execute Derek Barnabei for the 1994 rape and murder of a first-year college

    Leaders ranging from Pope John Paul II to Italian Prime Minister Giuliano Amato pleaded with
    U.S. authorities to spare Barnabei's life.

    A leading newspaper accused the United States of waging a "collective vendetta," and words
    like "genocide" and "torture" spring readily from the mouths of protesters gathered all week at
    Rome's Colosseum.

    At the moment of Barnabei's death - punishment for the slaying of Old Dominion University
    student Sarah J. Wisnosky just two weeks before her 18th birthday - the Italians were to bathe
    the Colosseum in gold light in a final act of protest.

    Barnabei's Italian roots made the case particularly poignant here. His mother lives in Italy. But
    Europeans in general and Italians in particular share a special disgust! for capital punishment.

To historians, it reflects a nation and a continent haunted by a history of burning religious heretics at the stake, sending children to
die during the Crusades and feeding Christians to the lions at the very Colosseum that provided one stage for this week's

"It's a kind of collective guilt that doesn't exist in the U.S.," said Rome-based historian and
author Alan Epstein.

"It's no surprise that U.S. executions are held behind closed doors. Americans might view
things differently if they had to witness what happens the way Italians watched for
generations," Mr. Epstein said.

Italy was drawn to the Barnabei case in part because he was of Italian descent, and also
on the belief that the case was flawed because of the mysterious temporary disappearance
of evidence from a courthouse in Norfolk.

The evidence, which included fingernail clippings, was found later and new DNA tests
supported the conviction, Virginia officials said.

But most Italian pleas for Barnabei's life didn't mention the details of the case, focusing
instead on moral outrage over the death penalty.

Polls show about three in four Italians oppose capital punishment under any circumstance.
About the same percentage of Americans support it.

At one pre-execution protest near Rome's Pantheon, 500 protesters gathered with candles in hand to call on U.S. authorities to
spare Barnabei's life and ban capital punishment.

Several protesters carried a long sign with a quote from Jesus' Crucifixion: "Forgive them Lord, they know not what they do."
Several people on hand cried.

"I am crying for his soul and for the souls of the [U.S.] leaders who think they can play God," said 32-year-old lawyer Maria
Rivelli. "What is next in America? Genocide? Slavery? Torture?"

It's not the first time that Italy has fought for someone scheduled to die in Virginia. Three years ago, killer Joseph O'Dell was
made an honorary citizen of Palermo, which led a national campaign to save him. After he was executed, his body was flown to
Palermo and buried there. It's likely that Barnabei also will be buried in Italy, near where his mother lives.
Copyright 2000 News World Communications, Inc.
Record Number: A00744560146
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Derek "Rocco" Barnabei
Italian's protest against Barnabei's